Hydraulic oil pressure can remain in the hydraulic systems after the engine and pump have been stopped. Serious injury can be caused if this pressure is not released before any service is done on the hydraulic systems. To prevent possible injury, refer to the section, Testing and Adjusting, “Hydraulic System Pressure – Release” before any fitting, hose or component is loosened, tightened, removed or adjusted.
When possible, the work tool must always be lowered to the ground before service is started. When it is necessary for the boom to be in the raised position while tests or adjustments are done, be sure that the boom, stick and work tool have correct support.
The swing lock (if equipped) must be engaged before service is started.
Always move the machine to a location away from the travel of other machines. Be sure that other personnel are not near the machine when the engine is running and tests or adjustments are being made.
The correct oil temperature, flow, and pressure are necessary for correct operation. Pump output (oil flow) is a function of engine speed (rpm) and valve adjustment. Oil pressure is caused by resistance to the flow of oil.
Visual checks and measurements are the first steps during troubleshooting. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, “Visual Inspection”. Next, perform the operational checks. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, “Operational Checks”. Finally, perform the required tests and adjustments on the machine.